Archeology at the Sea of Galilee Tour Routes and Entertainment Ideas

Itinerary type: Independent   |   Itinerary type: Drive   |   Itinerary duration: About- 5 Hours   |   Itinerary level: Easy   |   Best Season: All Seasons
In shorcut...
A tour among varied archeological remains that teach us about the fascinating diverse history of the settlement around the Sea of Galilee.
Itinerary properties:   ●  Families  ●  City trip   ●   Non-circular tour
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Hamat Tiberias (Hamat Tveria) National Park has a concentration of seventeen health springs that flow at a temperature of 60 C and include about a hundred natural minerals which possess medicinal properties that are unique and exclusive to this place. The properties of this site were already known two thousand years ago. Today, this site is a national park which besides the health baths also includes an elaborate synagogue which was revealed at the beginning of the 1920s, with a seven-branched marble Menorah which is today on display at the Israel Museum. The highlight in this synagogue is a mosaic floor, the most ancient of the mosaic floors in Israel. Also, at the entrance to the park is the Hamam Suleiman Museum, which is dedicated to the display of a Turkish bath which was active here and other archeological finds which were found in the area.

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At the Berko Archaeological Park in Tiberias are the ancient remnants of the city of Tiberias, from the time of the city’s establishment by Herod Antipas in the 1st century CE and until the time of the Fatimid dynasty in the 11th century CE. This impressive park presents the glorious past of the city of Tiberias and offers the public a green corner which includes a set of paths, unique gardens and archeological finds, such as the ancient Roman gate and a thousand years old drainage system. This place also serves for music and theater public events. Recently, excavations have begun on the 7,000 seats ancient Roman Theater which is located on the slopes of Mount Berniki and has a view over the whole Judeo-Roman city complex, the Sea of Galilee and Mount Hermon. Later on further work will be done on the Seat of the Sanhedrin, bath house, Beit Midrash (Jewish study hall), Mount Berniki, the ancient port and more. 



 

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Many archeologists look to Hurbat Minim (Khirbet al-Minya) because of the numerous ancient finds which were excavated here and in its area. First and foremost are the remains of an impressive mansion which was found here from the Arab period (the Umayyad Caliphate). This structure fell to ruin in the mid 8th century during the earthquake which took place here. Today one can see here the remains of a gate, courtyard, walls, a bath house and more, and everything is dotted with Washington Palm trees and Date Palm trees which contribute to the atmosphere. The nearby Sea of Galilee completes the pastoral picture. One can arrive at Hurbat Minim from road number 90. North of Ginosar, look for the access road that leads to Karei Deshe.
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Capernaum (Kfar Nahum or "Nahum village") is an ancient and fascinating village located on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee, which came to be called "Jesus’ city”. Here were discovered the remains of a 1st century structure, which has probably served for the gathering of the first Christians. This structure was also identified with the house of the Apostle Peter and hence its great importance to Christianity. On top of this structure a Franciscan Church was built with a glass floor which allows looking at the ancient structural remains. In Kfar Nahum and its surrounding area Jesus chose his twelve apostles. The Church of the Twelve Apostles located in the village is an impressive church seen to a distance due to its white walls and pink domes. The church’s interior is no less impressive and includes murals with motifs from the New Testament.  Another impressive and magnificent structure on this site is an ancient synagogue, which is related to Jesus as well. At the synagogue’s courtyard ruins were found and among them are pillar capitals decorated with Menorahs (a Jewish branched candelabrum) and Shofars (a blowing horn used in Jewish religious ceremonies) and parts of structures decorated with Stars of David (a Jewish symbol) and the Seven Species (seven agricultural products listed in the Bible as being special products of the Land of Israel). The tall ladder which leads to the synagogue is decorated with decorative stones and the synagogue’s lintels are decorated with geometrical shapes and animals and plants drawings.
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This site, situated within the local basalt landscape and looking over the Sea of Galilee, presents the remains of an ancient Jewish town. The town of Korazim is first mentioned in the time of the Second Temple, especially in relation to the fine and famous wheat that its inhabitants cultivated here. This town has flourished at the end of the Mishnaic period and during the Talmudic period. It is also mentioned in the New Testament together with Bethsaida and Capernaum as one of the places which Jesus cursed because they did not heed his teachings. The ancient synagogue at Korazim, which was built at the end of the 4th century or the beginning of the 5th century, is considered to be one of the most beautiful discovered in Israel. It is made of basalt and decorated with carvings of floral and faunal patterns, human figures pressing grapes and even lions.
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Sea of Galilee Tour Routes and Entertainment Ideas
Best Season: All Seasons
Type of Tour: Independent
Tour Mode: Drive
Tour Duration: About- 6 Hours
Difficulty Level: Easy
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