The mountain village of Majdal Shams, situated high up in the Golan Heights near the Hermon, is the largest of the four Druze villages of the Golan Heights and the highest not only among them but also among all of the settled areas in the country- there is a reason why its name means "tower of sun". Some say that it was named so because it is like a tower the top of which reaches the sun, others say that due to its great height (1,200 meters) the sun shines on it before the other settlements in the area, and some think that its name is meant to commemorate the name of the Biblical settlement of Beit Semesh (meaning "house of sun”) which existed in this area. The village of Majdal Shams was founded in 1595 by Druze from the Galilee. A part of the village was built on top of the ruins of an ancient Jewish town and in it were found remains from the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE, among which is also a burial cave which is named by the locals "the tombs of the Jews”.
At the center of Majdal Shams there is a plaza in which stands a bronze statue of Sultan al-Atrash, the hero of the Druze revolt against the French in 1925. Near the edge of the village of Majdal Shams, at the place that is nearest to the border with Syria, is the "Shouting Hill”. The Druze residents of the Golan come here to talk with their relatives from the other side of the border. They used to do so in shouts, today they usually use megaphones. On the slopes of Majdal Shams there are orchards of apples of many types and charming cherry groves and at the outskirts of Majdal Shams there is also Birkat Ram (Lake Ram- a crater lake or maar).